The three major Adderal alternatives are Ritalin (Methylphenidate), Dexedrine and Modafinil. The most commonly used alternative for concentration – that is for ADHD patients – is Ritalin. The most activating of those three is Modafinil, which is commonly used to treat daytime sleepiness.
Provigil, also known as Modafinil, is a stimulant prescribed for the treatment of daytime sleepiness, ADHD or as an addition to antidepressants. The drug is also widely used by truck drivers, students and pilots to suppress sleep or combat fatigue. It is a highly activating substance. Those who take the drug say that there is improved concentration, memory and alertness which can last for 24-48 hours afterwards.
Modafinil produces a state of alertness by increasing the levels of dopamine in the brain, although the exact working mechanism is not known. The drug has been reported to improve many other brain disorders like Parkinson’s disorder, schizophrenia, obesity, cocaine addiction and fatigue. Modafinil is probably the Adderal alternative that is the most activating in nature, and therefor especially suitable for adults (i.e. less suitable for children)
Dexedrine is also known as dextroamphetamine. It is a brain stimulant which can cause increased awareness, self confidence and diminished appetite. For years, the drug was used as an appetite suppressant but because of its potent toxicity, the drug is no longer approved for that purpose. Dexedrine is very similar to amphetamine in structure and its actions.
Various analogs of Dexedrine were used in cold medicine to act as nasal decongestants. However, once people became aware of its brain stimulating activities, it led to an abuse of the compound and now Dexedrine is no longer added to any cough mixtures.
Dexedrine was once approved for the treatment of narcolepsy, obesity, depression and attention deficit disorder. But the availability of safer and more efficacious drugs have led to lesser use of the drug. The drug is a potent psychostimulant but also has well known toxicity. Some of its classic side effects include palpitations, increasing blood pressure, extreme agitation, restlessness, headaches and dry mouth. Fatalities have resulted from overdosing with this drug.
One of the major reasons the drug was taken off the market was due to its ability to cause physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms when the drug is abruptly stopped. The drug is still occasionally used by students to keep awake before exams and by military pilots who have to fly long distances. Dexedrine is available as a 5/10 mg tablet to be taken orally for ADHD.
Ritalin (Methylphenidate) was once a very popular drug and surrounded with a lot of controversy. It is basically a brain stimulant drug and the most common alternative to Adderal. It has a structure similar to amphetamine. Ritalin is not as potent as amphetamine and its actions are also distinct. Unlike amphetamine which stimulates both the mental and motor activities, Ritalin only stimulates the mental activities in the brain.
The drug was widely used in the treatment of attention deficit disorder in children. Despite having the ability to stimulate the brain, in children with ADHD, it was found to have a significant calming effect. The majority of children with hyperactivity calmed down and showed increasing attention span in school. Over the years, Ritalin has been also used to treat a variety of other medical disorders like Tourette’s syndrome and adults with ADHD.
As many other stimulants, Ritalin as well has become a popular study drug among college student. On the online survey of Nature magazine, almost a two-thirds of the people had been used Ritalin for to improve their concentration.
The drug does have a few side effects, the major ones being loss of appetite, stomach cramps and insomnia. There are also some dietary restrictions when using Ritalin.
Ritalin is available in various formulations and the starting dose is 5 mg. However, the availability of better drugs and the lasting controversy regarding its actions has led to a decreasing use of Ritalin. Methylphenidate is the ad